Kia Sportage: Engine Control System / Description and operation

Kia Sportage QL (2015-2019) Service Manual / Engine Control / Fuel System / Engine Control System / Description and operation

Description
If the Gasoline Engine Control system components (sensors, ECM, injector, etc.) fail, interruption to the fuel supply or failure to supply the proper amount of fuel for various engine operating conditions will result. The following situations may be encountered.
1.
Engine is hard to start or does not start at all.
2.
Unstable idle.
3.
Poor driveability
If any of the above conditions are noted, first perform a routine diagnosis that includes basic engine checks (ignition system malfunction, incorrect engine adjustment, etc.). Then, inspect the Gasoline Engine Control system components with the HI-SCAN (Pro).
  
Before removing or installing any part, read the diagnostic trouble codes and then disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal.
Before disconnecting the cable from battery terminal, turn the ignition switch to OFF. Removal or connection of the battery cable during engine operation or while the ignition switch is ON could cause damage to the ECM.
The control harnesses between the ECM and heated oxygen sensor are shielded with the shielded ground wires to the body in order to prevent the influence of ignition noises and radio interference. When the shielded wire is faulty, the control harness must be replaced.
When checking the generator for the charging state, do not disconnect the battery '+' terminal to prevent the ECM from damage due to the voltage.
When charging the battery with the external charger, disconnect the vehicle side battery terminals to prevent damage to the ECM.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
[EOBD]
A malfunction indicator lamp illuminates to notify the driver that there is a problem with the vehicle. However, the MIL will go off automatically after 3 subsequent sequential driving cycles without the same malfunction. Immediately after the ignition switch is turned on (ON position - do not start), the MIL will illuminate continuously to indicate that the MIL operates normally.
Faults with the following items will illuminate the MIL.
Catalyst
Fuel system
Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (MAPS)
Intake Air Temperature Sensor (IATS)
Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS)
Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) [integrated into ETC Module]
Upstream Oxygen Sensor
Upstream Oxygen Sensor Heater
Downstream Oxygen Sensor
Downstream Oxygen Sensor Heater
Injector
Misfire
Crankshaft Position Sensor (CKPS)
Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS)
Evaporative Emission Control System
Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS)
ETC Motor [integrated into ETC Module]
Power Supply
ECM/ PCM
MT/AT Encoding
Acceleration Sensor
MIL-on Request Signal
Power Stage
  
Refer to "Inspection CHART FOR DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTC)" for more information.
[NON-EOBD]
A malfunction indicator lamp illuminates to notify the driver that there is a problem with the vehicle. However, the MIL will go off automatically after 3 subsequent sequential driving cycles without the same malfunction. Immediately after the ignition switch is turned on (ON position - do not start), the MIL will illuminate continuously to indicate that the MIL operates normally.
Faults with the following items will illuminate the MIL
Heated oxygen sensor (HO2S)
Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (MAPS)
Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) [integrated into ETC Module]
Engine coolant temperature sensor (ECTS)
ETC Motor [integrated into ETC Module]
Injectors
ECM
  
Refer to "Inspection CHART FOR DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTC)" for more information.
[Inspection]
1.
After turning ON the ignition key, ensure that the light illuminates for about 5 seconds and then goes out.
2.
If the light does not illuminate, check for an open circuit in the harness, a blown fuse or a blown bulb.
Self-Diagnosis
The ECM monitors the input/output signals (some signals at all times and the others under specified conditions). When the ECM detects an irregularity, it records the diagnostic trouble code, and outputs the signal to the Data Link connector. The diagnosis results can be read with the MIL or HI-SCAN (Pro). Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) will remain in the ECM as long as battery power is maintained. The diagnostic trouble codes will, however, be erased when the battery terminal or ECM connector is disconnected, or by the HI-SCAN (Pro).
  
If a sensor connector is disconnected with the ignition switch turned on, the diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is recorded. In this case, disconnect the battery negative terminal (-) for 15 seconds or more, and the diagnosis memory will be erased.
The Relation Between DTC And Driving Pattern In EOBD System

1.
When the same malfunction is detected and maintained during two sequential driving cycles, the MIL will automatically illuminate.
2.
The MIL will go off automatically if no fault is detected after 3 sequential driving cycles.
3.
A Diagnostic Trouble Code(DTC) is recorded in ECM memory when a malfunction is detected after two sequential driving cycles. The MIL will illuminate when the malfunction is detected on the second driving cycle.
If a misfire is detected, a DTC will be recorded, and the MIL will illuminate, immediately after a fault is first detected.
4.
A Diagnostic Trouble Code(DTC) will automatically erase from ECM memory if the same malfunction is not detected for 40 driving cycles.
  
A "warm-up cycle" means sufficient vehicle operation such that the coolant temperature has risen by at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit from engine starting and reaches a minimum temperature of 160 degress Fahrenheit.
A "driving cycle" consists of engine startup, vehicle operation beyond the beginning of closed loop operation.
Components and components location
Components Location 1. Engine Control Module (ECM) 2. Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (MAPS) 3. Intake Air Temperature Sensor (IATS) 4. Engine Coolant Tem ...

Engine Control Module (ECM) Schematic diagrams
ECM Terminal And Input/Output signal ECM Terminal Function Connector [A] Terminal Description Connected to ...

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