Kia Sportage: Smart Parking Assist System (SPAS) / Description and operation

Kia Sportage QL (2015-2019) Service Manual / Body Electrical System / Smart Parking Assist System (SPAS) / Description and operation

Description
Operation procedure (Perpendicular/parallel parking)
1.
Select the parking mode by operating sub system switch (A) in the parking direction while checking the message on the instrument panel.
Voice guidance: Select the parking mode. Pay attention to the surrounding obstacles.

2.
Search for parking lot by using the sensor on the side front of the vehicle. (One sensor is installed on each side.)

3.
Shift to reverse gear (R) when a parking lot is found.

4.
When the gear is shifted to reverse gear from stop, the steering wheel is operated.

5.
Change the gear according to the message on the instrument panel and voice guidance when gear shift to D (Drive) or R (Reverse) is requested during steering (Duration of beep sound: 150 ms).

6.
The system operation is completed properly after marking the statement of completion and setting off the beep sound. The driver can finish parking the car by steering the wheel and moving the vehicle (Duration of beep sound: 600 ms).

Operation procedure (Exit Mode)

System Components
1.
Switch
(1)
PAS switch (A) : PAS switch is used to enable or disable the warning function of PAS function.

(2)
SPAS switch (A) : SPAS switch is used to choose the parking mode.

(3)
LED indicator
Item
Condition
Description
PAS
ON
PAS is activated.
OFF
PAS is deactivated.
Blink
System is under diagnosis or failure 
SPAS
ON
SPAS is activated.
OFF
SPAS is deactivated.
Blink
System is under coding error, failure or diagnosis.

(4)
Main features
The function of PAS automatic ON is applied during gear change to R
The function of PAS automatic ON is applied while SPAS switch is ON.
Only PAS is OFF when PAS switch is pressed during SPAS and PAS operation in the parking search mode.
Both of SPAS and PAS are OFF when PAS switch is pressed during SPAS and PAS operation in wheel steering mode.
SPAS and PAS are OFF and PAS is operated continuously when SPAS is pressed during operation.
(5)
Select the parking mode
Priority of mode selection (Europe LHD):Parallel right → Parallel left → Horizontal right → Horizontal left → OFF
SPAS mode is turned OFF when parking mode selection switch is pressed for more than 1.5 seconds.
The parking mode can be selected only when the gear is in D or N (with vehicle speed over 5 km/h once).
The parking mode cannot be selected when the gear is in P or R.
2.
Warning sound from the instrument panel
(1)
The information related to the SPAS is displayed on the instrument panel during SPAS operation and PAS is displayed after finishing SPAS.
※ PAS is displayed after 4 seconds when SPAS system is released during SPAS operation and after 2 seconds after failure.
(2)
The position of obstacles is displayed on the instrument panel when only PAS is operated.
3 sectors for front and rear side are displayed respectively.
The alarming stage depending on the distance in each sector is displayed.

3.
Ultrasonic sensor
The object is sensed by using the time from transmitting to returning through reflecting with 40~ 65kHz frequency.
The installation position is as follows.

No
Sensor
1
Front left side sensor
2
Front left outside sensor
3
Front left inside sensor
4
Front right inside sensor
5
Front right outside sensor
6
Front right side sensor
7
Rear right outside sensor
8
Rear right inside sensor
9
Rear left inside sensor
10
Rear left outside sensor
11
Rear left side sensor
12
Rear right side sensor

4.
Alarming sound control
(1)
How to transmit the SPAS system alarming : Transmitting by using the cluster sound source chip
The cluster is controlled by using CAN communication in SPAS ECU.

Type of sound color: Realization of sound color in 3 frequency range (Front alarming, rear alarming and beep sound alarming)
The continuous alarming pattern is applied for the front and rear alarming.
(2)
Priority in order of front alarming/rear alarming/parking alarming/failure alarming
a.
1st priority : Beeping sound
The 1st : Failure alarming
The 2nd: Parking alarming
b.
2nd priority : Alarming sound depending on the distance
High level alarming sound has the priority out of the front and rear alarming
Rear alarming has the priority when the front and rear alarms are same level.
c.
Only one state is transmitted out of the beeping sound, front alarming and rear alarming according to the priority and the concurrent transmitting is not made.
(3)
Specification of transmitting the beeping sound for parking
Item
Warning sound conditions
Signal waveform
Beeping sound
(One time creation for each event)
SPAS/PAS Fault condition
Switch ON : T0 = 0ms
Shift to R : T0 = 500ms
When a fault occurs during SPAS/PAS operation : T0 = 0ms

T0(0 or 500ms), T1,T2(50ms),T3(500ms),T4(1500ms)
Shift to R

T0=500ms, Ton=300ms, Toff=100ms
SPAS parking complete

Ton=600ms, Toff=100ms
In case of displaying the message
"Shift to D" or "Shift to R" during SPAS operation.

Ton=200ms, Toff=100ms
In case of displaying the message
"Space found" during SPAS operation.

Ton=150ms, Toff=100ms
In case of displaying the message
"SPAS canceled" during SPAS operation.

Ton=600ms, Toff=100ms

(4)
Specification of controlling the front/rear alarming sound
Item
Warning sound conditions
Signal waveform
Remarks
Front alarming
OFF (No alarming state)
-
Continuous transmitting of corresponding CAN value during creation of each event(SPAS responding information)
The 1st alarming
(Long distance)

Ton =50ms, Toff=290ms
The 2nd alarming

Ton =50ms, Toff=120ms
The 3rd alarming
(Short distance)

Rear alarming
OFF (No alarming state)
-
The 1st alarming (Long distance)

Ton =50ms, Toff=290ms
The 2nd alarming

Ton =50ms, Toff=120ms
The 3rd alarming
(Short distance)


Schematic diagrams
Block Diagram ...

Smart Parking Assist System Unit Components and components location
Component ...

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