Kia Sportage: Electric Power Steering / Repair procedures

Kia Sportage QL (2015-2019) Service Manual / Steering System / Electric Power Steering / Repair procedures

General Inspection
Before and after servicing the EPS system, perform the troubleshooting and test procedure as follows. Compare the system condition with normal condition in the table below and if abnormal symptom is detected, perform necessary remedy and inspection.
Test condition
Normal condition: Motor must not supply steering assist.
Symptom
Possible cause
Remedy
IG Off
Motor supplies steering assist.
ASP is not calibrated.
Perform the ASP calibration using a scan tool.
Faulty IG power supply
Inspect the IG power supply line.

Test condition
Normal condition: Motor must not supply steering assist. Warning lamp is illuminated.
Symptom
Possible cause
Remedy
IG On/Engine Off
Motor supplies steering assist.
ASP is not calibrated.
Perform the ASP calibration using a scan tool.
EMS CAN signal is not received.
Inspect the CAN line.
Warning lamp is not illuminated.
Faulty cluster
Inspect the cluster and cluster harness

Test condition
Normal condition: Motor supplies steering assist. Warning lamp is not illuminated.
Symptom
Possible cause
Remedy
IG On/Engine On
Warning lamp is illuminated and motor does not supply steering assist.
Faulty EPS (Hot at all times) and IG power supply.
Inspect the connector and harness for EPS (Hot at all times) and IG power supply line.
DTC is detected by system.
Perform the self test using a scan tool and repair or replace.
Warning lamp is illuminated and motor supplies steering assist.
ASP is not calibrated.
Perform the ASP calibration using a scan tool.
CAN communication between EPS and cluster is fault.
Inspect the CAN line.

ASP: Absolute Steering Position
CAN: Controller Area Network
EMS: Engine Management System
  
The following symptoms may occur during normal vehicle operation and if there is no EPS warning light illumination, the EPS system is not malfunctioning.
After switching the ignition on, the steering wheel becomes heavier for about 2 seconds to perform EPS system diagnostics, and then returns to normal steering condition.
When switching on or off the ignition, the EPS relay noise may occur, which is considered normal.
When it is steered while the vehicle is stopped or in low driving speed, motor noise may occur, which is considered normal.
Caution for ASP (Absolute Steering Position) calibration or EPS type recognition
Check that the battery is fully charged before ASP calibration or EPS type recognition.
Be careful not to disconnect any cables connected to the vehicle or scan tool during ASP calibration or EPS type recognition.
After completing the ASP calibration or EPS type recognition, switch off the ignition and wait for several seconds. Then, start the engine to confirm normal operation of the vehicle.
ASP Calibration
1.
Select "Steering Angle Sensor".
2.
Proceed with the test according to the screen instructions.

EPS Type Recognition Procedure
1.
Select "EPS Variant Coding".
2.
Proceed with the test according to the screen instructions.

Schematic diagrams
Schematic Diagrams Harness Connector Item Pin Pin name MDPS Power 1 Battery + ...

Steering Column and Shaft Repair procedures
Replacement 1. Disconnect the battery negative cable. 2. Turn the steering wheel so that the front wheels are facing straight ahead ...

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